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As you approach middle age, you may be more susceptible to experiencing vision problems that are common in adults between the ages of 40 and 60, such as presbyopia, dry eyes, floaters, cataracts, and PRK or LASIK surgery, inform your eye doctor of your problems with dry eye so he or she can arrange for alternative treatment, if necessary. Medications such as antidepressants, pain relievers, and antihistamines can worsen dry eye.

EXERCISE REGULARLY

Exercising on a regular basis will promote good blood circulation and oxygen flow — both of which can help maintain and improve vision. Exercising will also help maintain your weight, which is important considering excess body weight can increase the risk for type 2 diabetes, and diabetic retinopathy. When engaging in high-intensity sports such as racquetball or tennis, wear protective eyewear to reduce your risk for eye injuries.

ADDRESS SYSTEMIC HEALTH PROBLEMS IMMEDIATELY

Systemic health problems such as type 2 diabetes and hypertension become more prevalent during middle age, and can affect your vision when left untreated. If you suffer from type 2 diabetes or hypertension, seek treatment for these conditions immediately to reduce your risk for future vision problems. See your eye doctor regularly, and keep him or her informed about your current lifestyle habits, as well as the types of medications and nutritional supplements you’re taking.

GET MORE SLEEP

While you sleep, your eyes will benefit from ongoing lubrication since your eyes will remain closed. Sleep also helps clear out debris and irritants from your eyes, such as allergens, smoke, and dust that may have accumulated throughout the course of the day. If you typically experience problems with sleeping or insomnia, or you find that you’re lacking in sleep, make lifestyle changes as needed to improve your sleep habits.

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